What is the difference between domain speculation and squatting?
There’s no single, definitive (i.e. legally binding) definition, but generally squatting implies “bad faith” intent on the part of the person or company that has registered the domain.
That means they have no interest in or intentions of creating a website for the domain or otherwise using it (like it becoming the main web presence for their business). That person just bought it to sell it for more than they paid for it.
Domain speculation, on the other hand, involves registering domains that might be useful or of interest, but which don’t block an existing trademark or brand. For example, instead of registering a variant of an existing company’s domain, a domain speculator would register something more general, like “londonlawrecruitment.com”, in hopes that some domain registrar might want it.
Speculators are often more open about the fact that the domains in their portfolio are for sale, as well. Whereas squatters might set up a basic page to make it marginally look like the domain is in use, or create a parking page (a temporary page, usually used to as a placeholder until a real site is ready) full of ads to try to get click traffic for extra revenue until they can sell the domain.
Domain squatting, if a person’s or company’s actions are deemed to be that, is illegal. Some countries have specific laws against squatting that are more specific than standard trademark law. However, since the internet is a global entity, issues of jurisdiction can arise.
Is it actually for sale?
It’s always worth checking if the domain you’re being offered is actually for sale on the open market. We see a lot approaches along the lines of “We’ve been asked to register DOMAIN-XYZ.COM for a client but I wanted to offer it to you first, as it’s similar to your current domain. We can offer it to you for $200.”
You probably don’t need the new domain but if you do go direct… often the domain is unregistered and freely available on the open market for less than $15. Check on https://www.whois.com/whois/